It is quite remarkable that there has been significant progress in the ongoing Iranian nuclear negotiations, but there is still a long road ahead. The US and Iranian negotiators have to return to their respective country and try to convince their leaders that the current framework of the potential final nuclear deal is the best interest for the country.

Secretary of State John Kerry has to battle a skeptical Republican led US Congress while his Iranian counterpart Mohammad Javad Zarif needs to convince his conservative, isolationist leaders that Iran did not simply gave in by western pressure.

The possibility of having economic sanctions lifted is great news for the younger, growing population of Iran. With the Internet, young Iranians have known all the possibilities of global trade denied to them due to the nuclear issue. With a sizable, educated population and the Iranian petroleum industry, the potential economic growth in Iran is huge.

The western skeptics have pointed out the possibility of Iran reneging on the agreement (World Politics Review 11/20/2014). From the current nuclear deal, however, the international community would not commit to lifting economic sanctions until outside inspectors are able to verify that Iran is complying with the nuclear agreement (US State Department 4/2/2015). If Iran is planning to reneging on the agreement prior to having economic sanctions lifted, then it would contradict their agreement to this initial nuclear deal in the first place.

Now, it is entirely possible that Iran might renege on this agreement after the economic sanctions are lifted. Consequently, this itself would burden the country with a huge political cost due to the country's economy having to readjust back to an isolationist economy. This might cause a public out roar as something palpable like the lifting of economic sanctions has been taken away for the price of having started the illegal nuclear program again, which most Iranians don’t see a direct, palpable benefit.

In a way, having access to the global markets consequently leads to interdependence, and interdependency raises the domestic cost of going back to isolationist era and even preparing for war. Perhaps this has been the West’s plan all along, gently bringing long-term stability via opening up international trade with Iran.


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